Energy is one of the main sectors of the world economy, which provides essential conditions for human life. Currently, humanity produces electricity and heat mainly using the so-called traditional energy, which uses natural resources such as wood, coal, oil and gas as fuel.

At the same time, energy built on hydrocarbons, historically exhausts itself, since the consumption of resources is many times greater than their increase over the same period of time.

Meanwhile, in the upcoming decades renewable alternative energy sources - solar, wind, and heat of underground sources - do not allow to satisfy the needs of mankind in the quantity and quality of energy. Actively promoted “hydrogen” energy, which will also allow to replace hydrocarbon energy as an economically acceptable price, can only develop simultaneously with the development of nuclear power reactors of the fourth generation.

Nuclear power currently leads in solving energy problems. The benefits of nuclear energy are as follows:

• Enormous energy output. 1 kilogram of uranium enriched to 4% used in nuclear fuel upon full burning releases energy equivalent to burning of approximately 100 tons of high quality coal or 60 tons of oil;

• Ability to reuse fuel after regeneration. Uranium in the nuclear fuel is not burned completely and may be used again (as opposed to the ash of the organic fuel). In the future, it is possible to fully  transfer to to a closed fuel cycle, which means there is no waste;

• Nuclear power does not contribute to creation of the “greenhouse effect”.  Each year, nuclear power plants in Europe help avoid emissions of 700 million tons of CO2 and in Japan - 270 million tons of CO2. Existing nuclear power plants in Russia annually prevent emissions of 210 million tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

Currently, the requirements for nuclear safety are so strict that the probability of a major reactor accident that results in death from exposure is calculated as one case in a million years.

Technological systems of the nuclear power plants are designed and operated in such a way as to virtually eliminate release of the radioactive substances into the environment and reduce the potential exposure to levels that do not exceed the applicable standards.  For this purpose, there are special protection barriers at the nuclear power plants.  First, fuel is located inside the fuel pellets. Further, the protective shell of the fuel rod will not allow release of the dangerous products. The next barrier is the reactor pressure vessel and piping system. Finally, a protective sheath (sheath safety). Waste goes through the complex system of purification and release of radioactivity into the environment in quantities that exceed very stringent regulations for proper operation is not allowed.

French professor Bruno Comby, a nuclear physicist, an independent scholar, and a founder of the International Association “Environmentalists for Nuclear Energy” state din one of his interviews: “We need to understand that mistakes happen in any industry, no one is perfect, and zero risk does not exist. However, unlike other areas of energy, nuclear power attracts maximum media attention. It is under of a very serious control and pressure of the society and, therefore, is the safest .. "

Thus, it is obvious that the only true alternative for the world in the coming decades is the nuclear power and the only truly serious obstacle to its development could be the safety of personnel and the environment.

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